International Migration: The Well-Being of Migrants

International Migration: The Well-Being of Migrants

International Migration: The Well-Being of Migrants

International Migration: The Well-Being of Migrants

Synopsis

Migration has been a widely discussed and debated issue in recent years while events in Africa and the Arab world have caused migration on a huge scale and pushed the subject close to the top of the political agenda.Globalisation, climate change and demographic developments in the West provide a backdrop to the current discourses and policies on migration. There is a conflict between humanitarian impulses and protectionism.Recent decades have seen an increase in research and writing, in the UK and internationally, on the different aspects of migration. The increase in numbers and diversity of migrants is recognised as posing significant challenges and opportunities for social and public policies. Simultaneously the policy landscape on migrants' entitlements to public services, as well as notions of social protection. are in a state of flux in the context of the adoption of 'austerity policies' across the European Union and beyond. These trends have significant implications on access to services generally, including health and social care services.Philomena de Lima provides a contemporary understanding of migrants and migration processes and trends. She reviews the conceptual and theoretical discourses on 'integration' and citizenship rights with a particular focus on issues related to migrants' access to services, including health and social care services. The book will inform and educate social science students, policy-makers and those wrestling on a practical level with the implications of migration.

Excerpt

Human mobility is not new. Yet international migration is one of the most widely debated and contested issues in the twenty-first century globally. It has the power of eliciting diverse reactions from outright hostility to humanitarian concerns. Globalisation, geopolitics, demographic developments, security concerns and improvements in communication – both transport and technological – provide an important backdrop to the current trends, discourses and policies on international migration. Countries in the North are some of the main recipients of migrants from the South. Nevertheless, the visibility of international migration and the focus and hysteria generated by international migration in political and public discourses in the countries of North are remarkable given the evidence. (For the purposes of this book the terms ‘North’ is used to refer to ‘high income’ countries and ‘South’ to ‘low/middle income’ ones. Further discussion on terms used to categorise countries/regions can be found in Chapter 3.)

Those living outside their country of birth continue to be a minority at 3.3% in 2015; migration predominantly occurs between countries within the same region or area of the world (e.g. Sudan to Uganda) (UN, 2015, pp. 16, 21). Moreover, the significance and impacts of large-scale movements of people from rural to urban areas in countries such as China and India barely receive much consideration in migration discourses of the North.

The process of writing this book on migration has taken place at a tumultuous time in Europe, and in the European Union (EU) in particular, challenging current approaches to immigration and border control policies (EC, 2016a). Predominantly negative discourses on migration, not only directed at non-EU citizens but also towards EU citizens migrating to other member states, played a central role in the EU referendum in

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