The European Union and Human Security: External Interventions and Missions

The European Union and Human Security: External Interventions and Missions

The European Union and Human Security: External Interventions and Missions

The European Union and Human Security: External Interventions and Missions


This edited book examines European external interventions in human security, in order to illustrate the evolution and nature of the European Union as a global political actor.

In 2003, the EU deployed its first external mission under the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) with a military force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Since then it has instigated over 18 civilian and military missions to deal with humanitarian crises all over the world. This book presents a series of eight case studies of external interventions by the EU covering the Balkans, Africa, the Middle East, Afghanistan and Indonesia, to illustrate the nature of the EU as a global actor. Using the concept of human security to assess the effectiveness of these missions in meeting the EU's aim of being a 'force for good in the world', this study addresses two key issues: the need for an empirical assessment of EU foreign and security policies based on EU intervention in conflict and post-conflict situations and the idea of 'human security' and how this is applied in European foreign policy.

This book will be of great interest to students of European Security, EU politics, human security, post-conflict reconstruction, and IR in general.

Mary Kaldor is Co-Director of the Centre for the Study of Global Governance, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Prior to this she worked at Sussex University as Jean Monnet Reader in Contemporary European Studies.

Mary Martin is a Research Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Global Governance, the London School of Economics. From 2006-2009 she was co-ordinator of the Human Security Study Group. She was formerly a foreign correspondent and European editor for The Daily Telegraph and Guardian newspapers.


At the request of the Finnish presidency of June–December 2006, the Human Security Study Group (HSSG), originally brought together at the request of Javier Solana, the High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, was reconvened under the direction of Mary Kaldor, with a brief to examine how the EU could take forward and implement a human security agenda, which was first set out in the Barcelona Report on EU Security Capabilities of 2004.

The Study Group set out to examine the qualitative improvements needed to underpin the Union’s external commitments, and its ability to contribute to closing the global security gap between challenges, and the responses available to address them. First it focussed on the conceptual demands on EU foreign policy, arguing that human security represented a new strategic narrative necessary to make explicit the EU’s distinctive approach. Second, it proposed concrete steps to embed this approach, such as human security training and policies towards young people. Third, it undertook a series of case studies of ESDP missions to show how the human security principles, set out in the Barcelona Report, might translate into practical actions on the ground. The findings were presented to Javier Solana in Madrid on 8 November 2007.

The Study Group’s composition and working methods followed those established for the Barcelona Report: it brought together people with particular experience of security, drawn from a wide variety of national, professional and cultural backgrounds, which went beyond the usual circle of experts in the field. Some had participated in the Barcelona Report, others joined the Study Group during 2006.

Narcis Serra is the former Spanish Minister of Defence, tasked with bringing the military under democratic control after the failed Tejero coup in 1981. He has since advised other states on military reform.

Pavel Seifter is a former Czechoslovakian dissident, and subsequently foreign policy adviser to then President Vaclav Havel. He was also Czech ambassador to the UK.

Klaus Reinhardt is a former German general who has held a variety of staff positions and commands, and continues to advise NATO. From 1999 to 2000 he was Commander of KFOR in Pristina.

Kimmo Kiljunen is a member of the Finnish parliament, vice chair of the parliament’s Grand Committee and member of the Committee for Foreign Affairs.

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