The Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century

The Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century

The Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century

The Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century

Synopsis

This definitive work surveys the history of treaty-making in the 20th century, providing the texts of all the major treaties that either continue in force today, or are of historical importance.
Truly global in scope and completely up-to-date, this book covers treaties of all kinds, from political and economic agreements to environmental and human rights pacts. Treaties featured include:
• the Treaty of Versailles, 1919
• the Pact of Steel, 1939
• the Charter of the United Nations, 1945
• the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
• the Charter of the Organisation of African Unity, 1963
• the Belfast Agreement.

Excerpt

The purpose of this book is to provide a history of international treaty-making in the twentieth century together with the texts of the major treaties. The treaties in this volume are of two kinds: those that are of historical importance, for example, the Nazi–Soviet Pact of 1939, and those that continue in force today. The age of a treaty is by itself no indication whether it is only of historical significance or continues to play a role in contemporary international relationships. Treaties not so long ago regarded as of fundamental importance in east–west relations, such as the various agreements concerning Berlin, have been made redundant by German reunification. Much of the post-1945 Soviet treaty system also became defunct in the 1990s. Not so the United States security treaties originating in the late 1940s and 1950s which retain their validity in Europe and Asia, though adapted to new conditions. Thus the treaties discussed in this volume form an essential basis both for the study of history and for analysis of current international relations. This is not meant to be a diplomatic history. The commentary sections have accordingly been limited to the minimum necessary to render the treaty texts and their context intelligible to the reader.

The first edition of this book, The Major International Treaties 1914–1973, edited by J.A.S. Grenville, appeared in 1974. The second edition was published in 1987 in two volumes: Volume One, The Major International Treaties 1914–1945, edited by J.A.S. Grenville, and Volume Two, The Major International Treaties since 1945, edited by J.A.S. Grenville and Bernard Wasserstein. That updated the original edition to 1986. This third edition not only updates further until 1999 but also includes an expanded introduction and several new chapters. The entire text has been checked, revised, and where necessary rewritten, particularly to take account of new developments, notably the end of the cold war, and advances in historical knowledge.

The most authoritative sources for treaty texts are the League of Nations Treaty . . .

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