Probation and Parole: Current Issues

Probation and Parole: Current Issues

Probation and Parole: Current Issues

Probation and Parole: Current Issues

Synopsis

Probation and Parole Departments must provide for the protection of society as well as the rehabilitation of the offending individual. Probation and Parole: Current Issues presents leading authorities offering various broad and specific aspects of the controversial topic along with the latest research. This handy source provides illustrative examples of current hot button issues and can be used as an excellent core or complement textbook for a probation and parole class. Issues discussed range broadly from mental health considerations to rehabilitation options.
The book provides wide multi-national perspectives of the issues, including research and comparisons on juvenile recidivism between the United States and Australia. This crucial work provides a detailed look at the research on individuals in the system, the programs for those citizens that are successful, and those methods that may be ineffective. A study is also presented with data on the positive impact of Assertive Community Treatment workers who provide mental health treatment in the community. The book is extensively referenced and includes several figures and tables to clearly present data.

This book is a useful resource for educators, students, and anyone in the probation and parole field. It was published as a special issue of the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation.

Excerpt

At the end of 2005, there were 4.9 million people on probation or parole while there were 2.2 million people in jail or prison (BJS 2006a, BJS 2006b). This means that for every five people incarcerated on any given day, there were approximately 11 people under probation and parole. Probation and Parole Departments have as their task the protection of society and the rehabilitation of the individual. Community offender rehabilitation can take on several faces: mental health treatment; substance abuse treatment; self-help groups such as Alcoholics’ Anonymous, Narcotics’ Anonymous, anger management, and sex offender treatment; formal educational attainment; and various work skills training programs. Protecting the public can also come in various forms, most of them focused on surveillance of the individual: drug tests, electronic monitoring, home visits, work visits, and community registration for those who are sex offenders.

The authors of this special edition examine many aspects of probation and parole, general and specific. Dr. Kimora leads off the special edition by teasing out the “emerging paradigm in probation and parole.” Kimora discusses treatment and surveillance, the need for research, and how best to use revocation. Dawson-Edwards reports on “enfranchising convicted felons.” Some states make it easy for an ex-convict to restore their voting privileges while other states revoke them forever. Restoring voting rights is a form of rehabilitation in that it allows the ex-convict to see him/her self as a “regular” or “restored” person.

Astbury provides data from Australia concerning the “problems of implementing offender programs in the community.” Astbury examines the many dimensions to program implementation. While selection of the proper program is necessary it is not sufficient; programs must be implemented in the correct way including allowing for flexibility. Well designed, rigid program will most likely fail as there are implemented at . . .

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