Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High-Risk Behaviors

Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High-Risk Behaviors

Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High-Risk Behaviors

Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High-Risk Behaviors

Synopsis

Learn more effective treatments for adolescents with abuse substance disorder

Dual diagnosis of adolescent substance use disorders and comorbid psychiatric disorders must be treated simultaneously to be effective.Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviorspresents leading experts offering insightful viewpoints and dynamic suggestions on how to best provide simultaneous treatment and integrated services to these youths. The book covers the state of the art in the field of substance use disorders, and reviews different psychiatric disorders and high risk behaviors, and then addresses the issue of integrated services and ethical, legal, and policy issues pertaining to this population.

In the field of adolescent substance abuse treatment, dual diagnosis is the rule rather than the exception, making assessment and treatment complicated. Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviorscomprehensively discusses the magnitude, etiology, and characteristics of problems and substance abuse disorders (SUD), and extensively explains ways to assess, treat, and develop services for adolescents. This unique text closely examines the assessment and treatment of psychiatric comorbid disorders among adolescents such as depression, anxiety disorders, ADHD, and high risk behaviors including suicidal behavior, self-harm behavior, and gambling behavior. The text is extensively referenced and several chapters include helpful tables and figures to clearly display the data.

Topics examined in Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviorsinclude:
  • etiology of adolescent substance abuse
  • assessment
  • treatment planning
  • psychosocial interventions
  • pharmacological interventions
  • disruptive behavior disorders
  • attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • depression
  • bi-polar mood disorder
  • anxiety disorders
  • trauma and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • suicidal and self-harm behaviors
  • schizophrenia
  • eating disorder
  • gambling behavior

Adolescent Substance Abuse: Psychiatric Comorbidity and High Risk Behaviorsis an invaluable resource for mental health professionals, pediatricians, family physicians, nurses, addictions specialists, counselors, educators, students, and drug court professionals who provide assessment and treatment for youths with substance use disorders.

Excerpt

Yifrah Kaminer Oscar G. Bukstein

Adolescent substance use disorders (SUDs) continue to present a challenging public health problem worldwide. There is a clear clinical consensus that the population of adolescents with SUDs is heterogeneous in terms of various clinical characteristics, including severity of substance use and the presence of comorbid psychiatric disorders. Indeed, the majority of adolescents with SUDs manifest comorbid psychopathology or dual diagnosis (DD), that is, the presence of one or more comorbid psychiatric disorders in addition to SUDs. Both internalizing and/or externalizing types are often noted in populations of adolescents with SUDs (Bukstein, Glancy, & Kaminer, 1992; Diamond et al., 2006; Riggs, Baker, Mikulich, Young, & Crowley, 1995). Psychiatric disorders in childhood featured by disruptive behavior disorders, as well as mood or anxiety disorders, confer an increased risk for the development of SUDs in a majority of the cases in adolescence (Bukstein, Brent, & Kaminer, 1989; Christie et al., 1988; Loeber, 1988). The etiological mechanisms have not been systematically researched. However, a number of possible relationships exist between SUD and psychopathology. Psychopathology may precede SUD, may develop as a consequence of preexisting SUD, may influence the severity of SUD, may not be related, or may originate from a common vulnerability (Hovens, Cantwell, & Kiriakos, 1994).

So far, there is no comprehensive text that covers the knowledge that has been accumulated on adolescent dual diagnosis. Therefore, the objective of this book is to address theory and practice pertaining to understanding and treating psychiatric comorbidity in adolescents with SUDs. This book can be viewed as conceptually organized in four sections. Chapters 1 through 6, discuss the etiology, course, and assessment of SUDs as well as treatment planning, psychosocial, and psychopharmacological interventions for adolescent SUD. The next nine out of the eighteen chapters address specific . . .

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