Unprecedented: Can Civilization Survive the Co2 Crisis?

Unprecedented: Can Civilization Survive the Co2 Crisis?

Unprecedented: Can Civilization Survive the Co2 Crisis?

Unprecedented: Can Civilization Survive the Co2 Crisis?


Can we act quickly and wisely enough to prevent climate change - better called climate disruption - from destroying human civilization? There is no greater issue facing humanity today. This single source provides everything people need to know in order to enter into serious discussions and make good decisions:•The latest scientific information about the probable effects of the various types of climate disruption that threaten the very continuation of civilization.•The reasons why the media and governments have failed miserably to rein in global warming, even though scientists have been warning them for decades.•The additional challenges to saving civilization - religious, moral, and economic.•The amazing transformation of solar, wind, and other types of clean energy during the past few years, making the transition from a fossil-fuel to a clean energy economy possible; and the falsity of the various claims that fossil-fuel companies and their (hired) minions have made to belittle clean energy. This book combines (1) the most extensive treatment of the causes and phenomena of climate change in combination with (2) an extensive treatment of social obstacles and challenges (fossil-fuel funded denialism, media failure, political failure, and moral, religious, and economic challenges), (3) the most extensive treatment of the needed transition from fossil-fuel energy to clean energy, and (4) the most extensive treatment of mobilization. It provides the most complete treatment of the various kinds of clean energy, and how they could combine to provide 80% clean energy by 2035 and 100% before 2050 (both U.S. and worldwide).


he term “global warming” refers to the phenomenon of the Earth’s average temperature becoming warmer, which occurs because the planet’s energy has been out of balance. “This energy imbalance is the difference between the amount of solar energy absorbed by Earth and the amount of energy the planet radiates to space as heat,” explained the world’s best-known climate scientist, Dr. James Hansen, who had long headed NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies. “If the imbalance is positive, more energy coming in than going out, we can expect Earth to become warmer in the future.”1

This positive imbalance began with the industrial revolution. It initiated the heavy use of fossil fuels, which emit gases that are called “greenhouse gases” (GHG), because they trap heat from the sun, preventing it from returning to space. To grasp the importance of the current warming of our planet, it is necessary to reflect upon the context in which this is occurring.

Civilization and the Holocene

The most recent glacial period (popularly called an “ice age”) began about 110,000 years ago. About 19,000 years ago, the Earth started to warm up, because of changes in the Earth’s orbit around the sun. By 11,700 years ago, these changes brought about a transition from the glacial epoch to an “interglacial” one, called the Holocene epoch, which brought the partial melting of glaciers, the formation of lakes, and the spreading of forests across much of the planet. It was in this context, about 10,000 years ago, that human civilization began . . .

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