Offender Reentry and Cognitive Intervention: Propensity Score Matching Utility for Outcome Assessment

Offender Reentry and Cognitive Intervention: Propensity Score Matching Utility for Outcome Assessment

Offender Reentry and Cognitive Intervention: Propensity Score Matching Utility for Outcome Assessment

Offender Reentry and Cognitive Intervention: Propensity Score Matching Utility for Outcome Assessment

Synopsis

The mass incarceration policies of recent decades have created the corresponding realization that the vast majority of these individuals will someday be released back into society. Failure to properly prepare these individuals for their return to society will result in a large number of these individuals returning to prison. This research uses propensity score matching to create comparison groups in order to evaluate a cognitive intervention program designed to reduce recidivism. Survival analysis reveals that offenders who completed the program were less likely to recidivate and their survival time was longer when compared to offenders who did not complete the program.

Excerpt

Since the introduction of the penitentiary to American corrections, two issues have confronted correctional administrators and policymakers. First, in order to maintain security and prevent widespread disruption in the prisons, how should offenders spend their time while incarcerated? Second, what, if anything should be done to prepare offenders for their eventual return to society? These issues are especially relevant today in light of the unprecedented number of individuals currently incarcerated in the United States and considering the fact that approximately 47% of released offenders are convicted of a new offense within three years of release from prison (U.S. Department of Justice, 2002).

In an attempt to address both of these issues, various programs have been implemented in prisons. One such program attempts to reduce misconduct and reduce recidivism by targeting and treating cognitive deficits and distortions of the participants. The purpose of the present research is to evaluate the effectiveness in reducing recidivism of offenders who have participated in the cognitive intervention program currently being offered by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ).

The aforementioned unprecedented number of incarcerated individuals is a result of the “war on crime” and “get tough” on offenders policies implemented by the federal and state governments (French & Gendreau, 2006). In 1980, there were approximately 319,598 persons under the jurisdiction of state and federal corrections authorities (U.S. Department of Justice, 2005). By June 2007, this number had more than quadrupled to 1,595,07 (U.S. Department of Justice, 2005, 2008). This is an alarming . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.