Reading Comprehension Strategies: Theories, Interventions, and Technologies

Reading Comprehension Strategies: Theories, Interventions, and Technologies

Reading Comprehension Strategies: Theories, Interventions, and Technologies

Reading Comprehension Strategies: Theories, Interventions, and Technologies

Synopsis

Reading Comprehension Strategies: Theory, Interventions, and Technologies presents a readable account of the current state of comprehension research. The authors represent some of the most productive researchers in the field, each discussing two critical concerns that are traditionally considered separately: (1) They outline their specific investigations into the mechanisms that underlie comprehension, and (2) They assess ways in which the operation of these mechanisms might indicate useful remediative strategies and technologies to address comprehension difficulties. The resulting volume is an excellent resource for individuals in the diverse fields of education, cognition, and instructional design.

Excerpt

What Is This About?

Reading can be challenging, particularly when the material is unfamiliar, technical, or complex. Moreover, for some readers, comprehension is always challenging. They may understand each word separately, but linking them together into meaningful ideas often doesn’t happen as it should. These readers can decode the words, but have not developed sufficient skills to comprehend the underlying, deeper meaning of the sentences, the paragraphs, and the entire text. Comprehension refers to the ability to go beyond the words, to understand the ideas and the relationships between ideas conveyed in a text. The focus of this book is on the cognitive processes involved in comprehension, and moreover, on techniques that help readers improve their ability to comprehend text. The focus of this book is on reading comprehension strategies. Indeed, the use of effective reading comprehension strategies is perhaps the most important means to helping readers improve comprehension and learning from text.

There is a great deal of evidence for the importance of reading strategies. One source of evidence is that successful readers know when and how to use deliberate strategies to repair comprehension. One implication from that finding is that teaching reading strategies to struggling readers may be a key toward helping them to improve comprehension. And it is. Teaching struggling comprehenders to use strategies improves their comprehension and their ability to learn from challenging text. Thus, the use of reading strategies is an integral part of normal comprehension and teaching reading strategies should be an integral part of K–14 education.

What are reading comprehension strategies? To answer that question, let’s start with cognitive learning strategies, such as mnemonics. Mnemonics help people to remember things such as lists of items, a speech, or lines in a play.

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