The Letter to the Romans

The Letter to the Romans

The Letter to the Romans

The Letter to the Romans


This is the second volume of The Bible in Medieval Tradition (BMT), a series that aims to reconnect the church with part of its rich history of biblical interpretation.

Ian Levy, Philip Krey, and Thomas Ryan's Letter to the Romans presents the history of early and medieval interpretations of Romans and gives substantial translations of select medieval commentaries. Written by eight representative medieval interpreters between the ninth and fourteenth centuries, these commentaries have never been translated into English before.

This valuable book will enhance contemporary reading of the Bible even as it lends insight into medieval scholarship. As Levy says, the medieval commentaries exhibit "qualities that many modern commentaries lack: a spiritual depth that reflects their very purpose, namely, to read Holy Scripture within the sacred tradition under the guidance of the Holy Spirit."


The medieval period witnessed an outpouring of biblical interpretation, which included commentaries written in Latin in a wide array of styles over the course of a millennium. These commentaries are significant as successors to patristic exegesis and predecessors to Reformation exegesis, but they are important in their own right.

This series, “The Bible in Medieval Tradition,” seeks to place newly translated medieval scriptural commentary into the hands of contemporary readers. in doing so, the series reacquaints the Church with its rich tradition of biblical interpretation. It fosters academic study, spiritual formation, preaching, discussion groups, and individual reflection. It also enables the contemporary application of this tradition. Each volume focuses on the era’s interpretation of one biblical book, or set of related books, and comprises substantial selections from representative exegetes and hermeneutical approaches. Similarly, each provides a fully documented introduction that locates the commentaries in their theological and historical contexts.

While interdisciplinary and cross-confessional interest in the Middle Ages has grown over the last century, it falls short if it does not at the same time recognize the centrality of the Bible to this period and its religious life. the Bible structured sermons, guided prayer, and inspired mystical visions. It was woven through liturgy, enacted in drama, and embodied in sculpture and other art forms. Less explicitly ecclesial works, such as Dante’s Divine Comedy, were also steeped in its imagery and narrative. Because of the Bible’s importance to the period, this series, therefore, opens a window not only to its religious practices but also to its culture more broadly.

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