# Economic Dynamics: Phase Diagrams and Their Economic Application

## Synopsis

This is the substantially revised and restructured second edition of Ron Shone's successful advanced textbook Economic Dynamics. The book provides detailed coverage of dynamics and phase diagrams, including: quantitative and qualitative dynamic systems, continuous and discrete dynamics, linear and non-linear systems and single equation and systems of equations. It illustrates dynamic systems using Mathematica, Maple V and spreadsheets. It provides a thorough introduction to phase diagrams and their economic application and explains the nature of saddle path solutions. The second edition contains a new chapter on oligopoly and an extended treatment of stability of discrete dynamic systems and the solving of first-order difference equations. Detailed routines on the use of Mathematica and Maple are now contained in the body of the text, which now includes advice on the use of Excel and additional examples and exercises throughout. Supporting website contains solutions manual and learning tools.

## Excerpt

I was very encouraged with the reception of the first edition, from both staff and students. Correspondence eliminated a number of errors and helped me to improve clarity. Some of the new sections are in response to communications I received.

The book has retained its basic structure, but there have been extensive revisions to the text. Part I, containing the mathematical background, has been considerably enhanced in all chapters. All chapters contain new material. This new material is largely in terms of the mathematical content, but there are some new economic examples to illustrate the mathematics. Chapter 1 contains a new section on dimensionality in economics, a much-neglected topic in my view. Chapter 3 on discrete systems has been extensively revised, with a more thorough discussion of the stability of discrete dynamical systems and an extended discussion of solving second-order difference equations. Chapter 5 also contains a more extensive discussion of discrete systems of equations, including a more thorough discussion of solving such systems. Direct solution methods using Mathematica and Maple are now provided in the main body of the text. Indirect solution methods using the Jordan form are new to this edition. There is also a more thorough treatment of the stability of discrete systems.

The two topics covered in chapter 6 of the first edition have now been given a chapter each. This has allowed topics to be covered in more depth. Chapter 6 on control theory now includes the use of Excel’s Solver for solving discrete control problems. Chapter 7 on chaos theory has also been extended, with a discussion of Sarkovskii’s theorem. It also contains a much more extended discussion of bifurcations and strange attractors.

Changes to part ii, although less extensive, are quite significant. the mathematical treatment of cobwebs in chapter 8 has been extended and there is now a new section on stock models and another on chaotic demand and supply. Chapter 9 on dynamic oligopoly is totally new to this edition. It deals with both discrete and continuous dynamic oligopoly and goes beyond the typical duopoly model. There is also a discussion of an R&D dynamic model of duopoly and a brief introduction to Schumpeterian dynamics. Chapter 11 now includes a discussion of deflationary ‘death spirals’ which have been prominent in discussions of Japan’s downturn. Cagan’s model of hyperinflations is also a new introduction to this chapter.

The open economy was covered quite extensively in the first edition, so these chapters contain only minor changes. Population models now include a consideration of age classes and Leslie projection matrices. This material is employed . . .

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