The Hogeye Clovis Cache

The Hogeye Clovis Cache

The Hogeye Clovis Cache

The Hogeye Clovis Cache

Synopsis

Roughly thirteen thousand years ago, Clovis hunters cached more than fifty projectile points, preforms, and knives at the toe of a gentle slope near present-day Elgin, Bastrop County, in central Texas. Over the next millennia, deposition buried the cache several meters below the surface. The entombed artifacts lay undisturbed until 2003. A circuitous path brought thirteen of the original thirty-seven Clovis bifaces and points through many hands before reaching the attention of Michael Waters at Texas A&M University. At the site of the original cache, Waters and coauthor Thomas A. Jennings conducted excavations, studied the geology, and dated the geological layers to reconstruct how the cache was buried. This book provides a well-illustrated, thoroughly analyzed description and discussion of the Hogeye Clovis cache, the projectile points and other artifacts from later occupations, and the geological context of the site, which has yielded evidence of multiple Paleoindian, Archaic, and Late Prehistoric occupations. The cache of tools and weapons at Hogeye, when combined with other sites, allows us to envision a snapshot of life at the end of the last Ice Age.

Excerpt

Roughly thirteen thousand years ago, Clovis hunters cached over fifty bifaces at the toe of a hillslope in central Texas. the deposition that followed over the next thirteen millennia buried the cache several meters below the surface. the entombed artifacts lay undisturbed until 2003, when commercial sand mining uncovered this stash of ancient tools. This is the story of the Hogeye cache—a remarkable collection of Clovis artifacts—a time capsule from the past.

In the first chapter, we present the history of the cache discovery. This is followed by the results of our 2010 excavation, a description of the geological and chronological context of the site, and an analysis of a collection of projectile points found at the site. in chapter 2, we discuss general aspects of Clovis biface technology, and then describe and illustrate the bifaces that make up the Hogeye cache. the third chapter provides an analysis of the metric attributes and flaking patterns of the Hogeye bifaces and puts them into the context of the entire chain of biface reduction, with special comparisons to the nearby Gault site to reveal strategies used by Clovis knappers to produce projectile points and large ovate bifaces. the final chapter summarizes our findings and discusses the role of caching in Clovis settlement behavior and the role of the Hogeye cache to Clovis hunter-gatherers living in central Texas at the close of the last Ice Age.

Michael R. waters thomas A. jennings

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