Atmosphere, Weather, and Climate

Atmosphere, Weather, and Climate

Atmosphere, Weather, and Climate

Atmosphere, Weather, and Climate

Synopsis

This book presents a comprehensive introduction to weather processes and climatic conditions around the world, their observed variability and changes, and projected future trends. Extensively revised and updated, this ninth edition retains its tried and tested structure while incorporating recent advances in the field. From clear explanations of the basic physical and chemical principles of the atmosphere, to descriptions of regional climates and their changes, the book presents a comprehensive coverage of global meteorology and climatology. In this new edition the latest scientific ideas are again expressed in a clear, non-mathematical matter. Atmosphere, Weather and Climate continues to be an indispensable source for all those studying the earth’s atmosphere and world climate, whether from environmental and earth sciences, geography, ecology, agriculture, hydrology, or related disciplinary perspectives. Its pedagogic value is enhanced by several features: learning points at the opening of each chapter and discussion topics at their ending, boxes on topical subjects and on twentieth century advances in the field.

Excerpt

When the first edition of this book appeared in 1968, it was greeted as being ‘remarkably up to date’ (Meteorological Magazine). Since that time, several new editions have extended and sharpened its description and analysis of atmospheric processes and global climates. Indeed, succeeding prefaces provide a virtual commentary on recent advances in meteorology and climatology of relevance to students in these fields and to scholars in related disciplines. This revised and expanded eighth edition of Atmosphere, Weather and Climate will prove invaluable to all those studying the earth’s atmosphere and world climate, whether from environmental, atmospheric and earth sciences, geography, ecology, agriculture, hydrology or related disciplinary perspectives.

Atmosphere, Weather and Climate provides a comprehensive introduction to weather processes and climatic conditions. Since the last edition in 1998, we have added an introductory overview of the historical development of the field and its major components. Following this there is an extended treatment of atmospheric composition and energy, stressing the heat budget of the earth and the causes of the greenhouse effect. Then we turn to the manifestations and circulation of atmospheric moisture, including atmospheric stability and precipitation patterns in space and time. a consideration of atmospheric and oceanic motion on small to large scales leads on to a new chapter on modelling of the atmospheric circulation and climate, that also presents weather forecasting on different time scales. This was prepared by my colleague Dr Tom Chase of cires and Geography at the University of Colorado, Boulder. This is followed by a discussion of the structure of air masses, the development of frontal and non-frontal cyclones and of mesoscale convective systems in mid-latitudes. the treatment of weather and climate in temperate latitudes begins with studies of Europe and America, extending to the conditions of their subtropical and high-latitude margins and includes the Mediterranean, Australasia, North Africa, the southern westerlies, and the sub-arctic and polar regions. Tropical weather and climate are also described through an analysis of the climatic mechanisms of monsoon Asia, Africa, Australia and Amazonia, together with the tropical margins of Africa and Australia and the effects of ocean movement and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation and teleconnections. Small-scale climates – including urban climates – are considered from the perspective of energy budgets. the final chapter stresses the structure and operation of the atmosphere–earth–ocean system and the causes of its climate changes. Since the previous edition appeared in 1998, the pace of research on the climate system . . .

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