Risk and Resilience: Global Learning across the Age Span

Risk and Resilience: Global Learning across the Age Span

Risk and Resilience: Global Learning across the Age Span

Risk and Resilience: Global Learning across the Age Span


An edited volume with an international spectrum of contributors that places risk and resilience in health and social care in context. The chapters explore the issues of risk and resilience in health and social care, issues fundamental to some of the most complex decision making required by society, services, practitioners and members of the public. They look at issues of risk and resilience across the age spectrum, from children and young people to older adults. Three underpinning concepts are examined: location of responsibility and risk expertise; human rights and citizenship; agency and independence.


Eija Paavilainen

Eija Paavilainen, University of Tampere, Finland

Child maltreatment can be defined as the physical and emotional abuse
and neglect of children. It also refers to living in a violent home – seeing
violence between parents, for example. It is a global public health prob
lem and a challenging issue for children and families themselves as
well as for professionals in different fields who are trying to help them.
Besides causing suffering for children and families, child maltreatment
costs money for health and social services as well as child protection,
thus impacting the entire society (see also Barlow et al., 2007).

According to the systematic review of Norman et al. (2012), all forms
of child maltreatment should be considered important risks to health,
being major contributors to the burden of disease in all parts of the
world. They found strong evidence of different forms of maltreatment in
those suffering from depression and behavioural disorders, for exam
ple. According to Bair-Merritt et al. (2013), children have higher rates
of myriad physical and other health problems in cases where they
live with family violence. the health problems may be caused by their
highly stressful environments. Early childhood represents the great
est period of vulnerability to stress-related changes in the brain, as
tremendous brain growth occurs during this period. It has been deter
mined that, every year, 4–16% of children are physically abused and
one in ten is neglected or emotionally abused (Gilbert et al., 2009).
According to Taylor and Lazenbatt (2014), child maltreatment has not
been effectively identified or prevented enough.

Child maltreatment should be identified and intervened in as early
as possible, before a cycle of violence has been developed within the

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