A Dictionary of the European Union

A Dictionary of the European Union

A Dictionary of the European Union

A Dictionary of the European Union


Providing concise definitions and explanations on all aspects of the European Union, this new edition also includes details of the ten states which became full members of the European Union in May 2004. The dictionary:

• contains over 1,000 entries
• explains the terminology surrounding the EU and outlines the roles and significance of the institutions, member countries, programmes and policies, treaties and personalities
• offers clear and succinct definitions
• spells out acronyms and abbreviations.


A dictionary of the european union aims to give a comprehensive overview of the development and current status of the European Union. the journey from European Communities to European Union has been a long one; there have been many arguments and difficulties, but also co-operation and enlargement. Information on a variety of European issues is here brought together to give the reader a wide range of facts and background knowledge on the European Union. Thus, this Dictionary includes entries on the history of the European Union and the issues and personalities of importance to its development, as well as on current achievements, debates, concepts, programmes and people.

Most entries in the Dictionary will point the reader towards other relevant entries by means of cross-references. These cross-references within entries will be found in bold type, to denote the existence of a separate entry. However, it should be noted that the potential number of highlights precludes putting in bold those terms that are used in almost every entry. Thus, European Communities, European Union, the names of current Member States, etc. are not highlighted, unless the authors deem it necessary to further understanding for the reader to be pointed towards such entries. For the purposes of alphabetization, words such as ‘and’, ‘of’, ‘the’, etc. have been ignored.

The reader should be aware of the difference between the terms European Union, European Community and European Communities. the European Communities were established by three separate treaties, with, from 1967, common institutions. the name of one community, the European Economic Community, was formally changed to the European Community from 1993; thus, when referring to the Treaty of Rome alone after 1993, European Community (EC) is used in the singular. Referring to the three communities from their conception onwards, the Dictionary uses European Communities (EC) in the plural. the European Union, consisting of three inter-related pillars, came into existence in 1993. Thus, the supranational pillar of the European Union continues to be known in this book as the European Communities (EC), while references to the European Union as a whole, which includes the two inter-governmental pillars, use European Union (EU).

March 2004 . . .

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