The Brilliant Reign of the Kangxi Emperor: China's Qing Dynasty

The Brilliant Reign of the Kangxi Emperor: China's Qing Dynasty

The Brilliant Reign of the Kangxi Emperor: China's Qing Dynasty

The Brilliant Reign of the Kangxi Emperor: China's Qing Dynasty

Synopsis

China's Qing Dynasty gave the fading glory of the Ming Dynasty a fresh and fabulous new start. From the early 1600s to the 1700s, a series of able leaders expanded and strengthened the realm, making China an economic and cultural powerhouse again. Important steps along the way are related in this straightforward narrative.

The Manchu people, a nomadic tribe from the northeast, rose up in 1616 and took the lead for the new era. The great leader Nurhaci step by step took control of the weakened empire. Renewed stability brought prosperity, and prosperity enabled noteworthy advances in technology and the arts. The Qing Dynasty's great inventions and sophisticated culture became influential throughout Asia and beyond. The Manchu people, a nomadic tribe from the northeast, rose up in 1616 and took the lead for the new era. The great leader Nurhaci step by step took control of the weakened empire. His successors went on to drive away Russian incursions, to re-unite with Taiwan, and to settle unrest in the regions. Tax reforms and administrative improvements helped solidify the gains.

Stability brought prosperity, and prosperity enabled noteworthy innovations in technology and the arts. The Qing Dynasty's great inventions and sophisticated culture became influential throughout Asia and beyond, and China remained a superpower right up to the 20th century. This book tells how they achieved the circumstances that made those advances possible.

Drawing on the classical Chinese writings, Hung Hing Ming, a former UN translator, outlines the steps that set China back on the path of progress. His narrative shows the accomplishments of the people and the societal characteristics, the values, that united a disparate population and fostered their success.

Excerpt

This book is about Aisin Gior, the greatest emperor of the Qing Dynasty (1644–1721).

The Aisin Gioro Clan rose in Northeast China. Legend has it that they were descendents of Fokulun, a fairy from Heaven.

Aisin Gioro Bukuliyongshun unified the Manchu people in Northeast China and became their king. Bukuliyongshun’s descendants became commanders of the Jianzhou Army Station (in Xinbin, Liaoning Province) established by the government of the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644).

Many generations later Aisin Gioro Nurhaci conquered the State of Hada (in Xifeng, Liaoning Province) in 1599, the State of Huifa (in Huinan, Jilin Province) in 1607, the State of Wula (in Wulajie, Jilin Province), and the State of Yehe (in Lishu, Jilin Province) in 1619. in 1616 Nurhaci established the (Later) Jin Dynasty and he ascended the throne as emperor of this dynasty. He was on the throne for 10 years.

Aisin Gioro Huangtaiji succeeded his father Nurhaci as the Emperor of the (Later) Jin Dynasty in 1626. He carried out expeditions against the Ming Dynasty. in 1629 Huangtaiji commanded his army to attack Beijing, the capital of the Ming Dynasty. But later he gave up the attack and withdrew back to Shenyang (in Liaoning Province), the capital of the (Later) Jin Dynasty, in 1630. in 1636 he changed the name of the dynasty from Jin Dynasty to Qing Dynasty. He was on the throne for 17 years.

Aisin Gioro Fulin succeeded his father Huangtaiji as the Emperor of the Qing Dynasty in 1643. the title of his reign was Shunzhi. Historians refer to him as the Shunzhi Emperor — or Emperor Shunzhi. in March 1645 Li Zi Cheng, the leader of the great peasant uprising, took Beijing, the capital of the Ming Dynasty. Emperor Zhu You Jian of the Ming Dynasty committed suicide by hanging himself to a tree on the Coal Hill. the Ming Dynasty fell. Li Zi Cheng commanded a . . .

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