The Role of Governance in Asia

The Role of Governance in Asia

The Role of Governance in Asia

The Role of Governance in Asia

Synopsis

This volume investigates the missing link, the complicated realities of the relations between governance and development through case studies of ASEAN countries. Its main objective is to explore a theoretical framework to overcoming the limitations of mainstream approaches by employing case studies on decentralization, crisis management, corporate governance and foreign aid management of both public and private entities.

From the beginning of the 1990s onwards, the international aid community has increasingly stressed that good governance, together with democracy and protection of basic human rights, is indispensable for sustainable economic development. The terms, however, are complex, broad, and arguable. They largely refer to discipline of government institutions and the capacity of the public sector.

While a wide variety of empirical studies has been done on the relations between good governance and development, it is still unclear how the differences in governance influence development performance in a real world.

Excerpt

Yasutami Shimomura

1. Objectives

This book attempts to cast light on the complicated realities of the relations between governance and development, through conducting case studies of asean countries. Its main objective is to explore a theoretical framework to overcome the limitation of mainstream approach to the issue.

Since the beginning of the 1990s, aid donors have increasingly stressed that “good governance”, together with democracy and protection of basic human rights, is indispensable for sustainable economic development.

In 1991, the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) emphasized that the concept of “governance” has assumed a more central focus as an area of key attention by both bilateral and multilateral donors, and participatory development cannot be achieved without the development of good governance, which is composed of competence and honesty, public accountability, broader participation in discussion and decision making on central issues (OECD 1991, pp. 33, 44). Lewis Preston, former President of the World Bank stated “good governance is an essential complement to sound economic policies” (World Bank 1992, p. v). G8 leaders in their summit statements repeatedly stressed that good governance is indispensable for development.

While the international aid community has proposed a number of definitions of good governance, it should be admitted the definition of governance or good governance is complex, broad, and vague to a certain . . .

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