Traveling Homeland: The Babylonian Talmud as Diaspora

Traveling Homeland: The Babylonian Talmud as Diaspora

Traveling Homeland: The Babylonian Talmud as Diaspora

Traveling Homeland: The Babylonian Talmud as Diaspora

Synopsis

A word conventionally imbued with melancholy meanings, "diaspora" has been used variously to describe the cataclysmic historical event of displacement, the subsequent geographical scattering of peoples, or the conditions of alienation abroad and yearning for an ancestral home. But as Daniel Boyarin writes, diaspora may be more constructively construed as a form of cultural hybridity or a mode of analysis. In A Traveling Homeland, he makes the case that a shared homeland or past and traumatic dissociation are not necessary conditions for diaspora and that Jews carry their homeland with them in diaspora, in the form of textual, interpretive communities built around talmudic study.

For Boyarin, the Babylonian Talmud is a diasporist manifesto, a text that produces and defines the practices that constitute Jewish diasporic identity. Boyarin examines the ways the Babylonian Talmud imagines its own community and sense of homeland, and he shows how talmudic commentaries from the medieval and early modern periods also produce a doubled cultural identity. He links the ongoing productivity of this bifocal cultural vision to the nature of the book: as the physical text moved between different times and places, the methods of its study developed through contact with surrounding cultures. Ultimately, A Traveling Homeland envisions talmudic study as the center of a shared Jewish identity and a distinctive feature of the Jewish diaspora that defines it as a thing apart from other cultural migrations.

Excerpt

What is there worth saving and holding on to between the
extremes of exile on the one hand, and the often bloody
minded affirmations of nationalism on the other? Daniel
Boyarin answers, of course: Diaspora.

From the Chabad [Hassidic group] Journal, May 7, 2013:

Editor’s Note:

Dear Friend,

Jerusalem is never far from our minds. After all, it is there that
creation began, and it has been the center of our national de
votion for 3,000 years. Three times a day, we face Jerusalem as
we pray for the return of Gd’s presence to His holy city.

Over 150 years ago, there was a pious and devoted Jew who
desired to apply himself to Torah study and prayer in the Holy
Land. When he shared his plan with his rebbe, Rabbi Mena
chem Mendel of Lubavitch, he was taken aback by the rebbe’s
response, “Make Israel here.” He did not need to go to Israel;
rather, he was to bring Israel where he lived.

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