The Literary Digest History of the World War: Compiled from Original and Contemporary Sources: American, British, French, German, and Others - Vol. 3

The Literary Digest History of the World War: Compiled from Original and Contemporary Sources: American, British, French, German, and Others - Vol. 3

Read FREE!

The Literary Digest History of the World War: Compiled from Original and Contemporary Sources: American, British, French, German, and Others - Vol. 3

The Literary Digest History of the World War: Compiled from Original and Contemporary Sources: American, British, French, German, and Others - Vol. 3

Read FREE!

Excerpt

To a superficial observer Germany’s arms, at the end of June, had been everywhere crowned with success. It was true that her original scheme had failed, and that she had been compelled to adopt a plan for which she had small liking. But with patience she had made the change, and the new policy thus far had won success. She had held the Allies in the West with a minimum of men by virtue of an artillery machine to which they could not show an equal, and with fortifications of a strength hitherto unknown. Applying her main force in the East she had won a great battle on the Dunajec river, had driven back Russia, now short of munitions because of negligence and treachery in her own household, had won back Galicia, penetrated into Poland, and had in her grip great fortresses whose cession meant for Russia not only a crushing loss in guns, but an indefinite further retreat—an astonishing retreat it became in August and September. She held tracts of enemy-soil in Poland, Belgium, and France, and had a completely unified command, so that all their strength could be applied to accomplish the purposes of her General Staff. At the same time, Turkey had held back the Allied advance in Gallipoli, and was soon to bring it to a standstill.

Against these successes the Allies had to show the conquest of German colonies, a few miles gained in Italy, the occupation of the end of Gallipoli, a Turkish peninsula, some advances on the Tigris, activities in Egypt, and one or two costly failures on the Western Front. All the military results of the first year of the war ending on August 1 showed in the west in the main German successes. All but a small western fraction of Belgium was still a captive and in process of . . .

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