The Humanitarian Movement in Eighteenth-Century France

The Humanitarian Movement in Eighteenth-Century France

The Humanitarian Movement in Eighteenth-Century France

The Humanitarian Movement in Eighteenth-Century France

Excerpt

This account of the thought, discussion, and resulting legislation in France of the 1700's to create better living conditions considers the ideology of the times as presented in pamphlets, speeches, essays, journals, and laws. This humanitarian movement was led, on the one hand, by men who set out to mold public opinion and, on the other, by legislators who sought to give it legal expression.

My direct labors toward the project date from 1945, though indirectly I was at work on it much earlier. I acknowledge with appreciation a grant-in-aid from the Social Science Research Council which made possible six months' research in the Library of Congress in 1946, and sabbatical leave from the University of Kentucky during the academic year 1951-1952 for work in the Bibliothéque Nationale, and two summers free from teaching duties for further research and writing. In addition, I am under obligation to the Research Committee of the University of Kentucky for some travel aid and for assistance toward the purchase of books. The officials of the University of Kentucky Library, Duke University Library, the Library of Congress, and the Bibliotbéque Nationale, where my research was done, rendered me every kindness. Several other libraries favored me with the use of their books through interlibrary loan.

Among individuals, I am indebted for suggestions to my colleague Professor Amry Vandenbosch and Professor Edward D. Seeber of Indiana University. To Mrs. Neva Armstrong and more especially to my wife I am indebted for assistance in the typing of my manuscript.

Finally, I acknowledge the kindness of Professor James H. Nichols in permitting me to reproduce here, with some modifications, two articles on French Protestantism that were published in the September and December, 1951, issues of Church History, sponsored by the University of Chicago.

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