Representative Bureaucracy: An Interpretation of the British Civil Service

Representative Bureaucracy: An Interpretation of the British Civil Service

Representative Bureaucracy: An Interpretation of the British Civil Service

Representative Bureaucracy: An Interpretation of the British Civil Service

Excerpt

This book has been a long time on the ways. It was nearly ready for the printer when Hitler sent the Luftwaffe against Poland and thus plunged the whole world into war. Under the circumstances, I decided to withhold publication, for it scarcely seemed a propitious moment to launch a work on democratic administration and its relation to the pattern of social forces in the State. It was too difficult in those first dark days to discern even the broad outlines of the future; and with the tragedy at Dunkirk it appeared for a time that the manuscript would hold little but historical interest.

Those circumstances have now happily altered. While the future is still opaque, it seems certain that it will be a democratic one and that the fundamental problems with which I have here grappled will be pressing ones in the postwar world. Indeed, the character of the war and the probable necessities of the peace have lent to these questions an urgency they did not formerly possess. Whether we shall succumb to a "managerial revolution" or be able to maintain popular government depends almost wholly today upon our success in developing and maintaining "representative" bureaucracies; and on this point, British experience, if considered broadly, is not only instructive but encouraging. I have, therefore, recently recast a large part of the original manuscript-- indeed all of it except the purely historical chapters,--and have added materials on developments during the war. And I have decided to proceed with publication at a time when many of the issues with which this book deals are assuming prominence on the American political scene.

The work itself breaks naturally into two main sections: the one historical and dealing with the slow and sometimes pain-

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