The Crisis of the National State

The Crisis of the National State

The Crisis of the National State

The Crisis of the National State

Excerpt

Today the national State appears to be at the height of its power. In the name of an exalted and savage nationalism, the Fascist States have launched their disciplined peoples upon conquest. In the name of national independence, the attacked, oppressed and subjugated nations defend their liberty. All over the world the power and authority of the State has risen to undreamed heights. The twin forces of State power and national unity seem to propel the peoples in their titanic struggle.

Recent observers -- Mr. Willkie, for example, in his recent world tour -- have been struck by the strength of Nationalism in the countries of the Middle and Far East, which struggle for independence.

Such tendencies are countered, however, by developments of deep and inescapable significance: the chaos that has resulted from national sovereignty, in political, military and economic matters; the internationalisation of economic interests; modern transport developments; the super-national conceptions of all modern political movements, fascist or anti-fascist, imperialistic or humanitarian. All these developments reveal the insufficiency of the national State and point beyond it. In the revolution of values and conditions, from which no institution of society is immune, the future of the national State presents one of the most important problems.

It is the object of this book to analyse the vital factors in the crisis of the national State and to clarify the alternatives, as a small contribution to the solution of the political problems which face the post-war world and, even now, the nations at war.

The essential purpose of this book is not a plea for Internationalism against Nationalism (whatever that may mean), or for any particular political ideology. Its main purpose is a cool analysis of the forces which, from different directions and with different objects, have undermined the national State.

Complete impartiality and objectivity in the analysis of anything within the realm of the social sciences is difficult if not impossible to attain. But a distinction between scientific analysis . . .

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