Population Theories and Their Application: With Special Reference to Japan

Population Theories and Their Application: With Special Reference to Japan

Population Theories and Their Application: With Special Reference to Japan

Population Theories and Their Application: With Special Reference to Japan

Excerpt

This work is an offshoot of some studies, as yet incomplete, of the economic situation which has developed in modern times with the passing of regional self-sufficiency and the large increase of population in eastern and southeastern Asia. The existing statistical data relating to these areas are fragmentary and defective, but, as I tried to show in a limited sphere in my Food Supply and Raw Materials in Japan, there are still unexploited possibilities of quantitative study of economic conditions in these areas. Some of the studies, already under way, included in the general scheme of which the present work forms a part, are largely of a quantitative nature and are not confined to population questions. Very soon after these studies were started, however, the need for analysis of the population situations of the areas dealt with became evident, and as the work proceeded the conviction grew on me that, so far at least as population problems are concerned, it was the inadequacy of existing theories just as much as the inadequacy of available facts which retarded progress. There are, indeed, some facts which we can be almost certain would be required in the application of any useful population theory. But to a large extent the direction of our search for facts should be determined by the nature of our theories. Hence in its completed form the present study is primarily concerned with theories of population that have a general application. But without some attempt at direct application there would have been a danger that conceptual schemes would have been framed that would have had little bearing on the concrete situations of real life. It is largely owing to a desire to escape from this danger that a con-

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