Russian Agriculture during the War: Rural Economy

Russian Agriculture during the War: Rural Economy

Russian Agriculture during the War: Rural Economy

Russian Agriculture during the War: Rural Economy

Excerpt

The influence of the Great War of 1914-1918 on agriculture, the main industry of Russia, has been many sided. Therein lie the difficulty and complexity of the task that the authors of this work have before them. We desire to present a clear and vivid picture of the essential changes that have taken place in Russian agriculture under the conditions created by the War. In order to do so successfully we have tried to confine ourselves to the essential elements in the existing state of agriculture and in its evolution, and to describe only features of a general character; we have also endeavored to be as concise as possible.

We begin by giving the reader a picture of the state of agriculture in Russia at the opening of the twentieth century and determining its place in the general scheme of world economics; we also define the fundamental lines along which it was tending to develop. Without such a preliminary review, the reader would have no firm basis of comparison, no means of gauging the extent of the changes wrought by the War, nor could he keep events in a true perspective.

Such a review is contained in Chapters I, II, III, IV, and in Chapter X which deals with a special branch of agriculture--forestry. Chapters V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, XI, and XII review the War period and the changes that took place, first, in the whole system of agricultural production, and secondly, in the position occupied by Russian agriculture in relation to home and foreign markets. We have used only authoritative data and have tried to make it clear that these changes were not the result only of outward events, but that they often proceeded from the changes in the psychology of the masses. The closing chapter is a short summary of conclusions that may be drawn from an analysis of the materials herein set forth.

We have formed our judgment on the basis of existing statistical materials, and our analysis of the changes that took place during the War and under its influences is limited by those materials. It is therefore advisable to describe briefly in this preface the Russian statistics which have been at our disposal and to assess their value.

There are two fundamental sources of statistical information relating to Russian agriculture: first, the census and the current rec-

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.