World Weather: Including a Discussion of the Influence of Variations of Solar Radiation on the Weather and of the Meteorology of the Sun, by Henry Helm Clayton

World Weather: Including a Discussion of the Influence of Variations of Solar Radiation on the Weather and of the Meteorology of the Sun, by Henry Helm Clayton

World Weather: Including a Discussion of the Influence of Variations of Solar Radiation on the Weather and of the Meteorology of the Sun, by Henry Helm Clayton

World Weather: Including a Discussion of the Influence of Variations of Solar Radiation on the Weather and of the Meteorology of the Sun, by Henry Helm Clayton

Excerpt

The theme of this book is the weather. The difference between climate and weather as defined by an American school boy quoted by Mark Twain, is that, "climate lasts all the time, while the weather changes every day." Expressed in the more cumbersome but more exact language of science, climate is the average or normal condition of the atmosphere, while weather is made by variations from the normal.

The weather in some form or other affects every living creature. It has been the topic of universal conversation. It is the subject naturally mentioned in beginning a chat with a friend or stranger. It has been the foundation of endless jests and it has furnished a theme for countless poems. The sparkling air, the brilliant sunshine, the drifting feathery snow flakes, the pattering rain have brought joy to millions and yet the angel of death rides in the trail of the icy blast. The same wind may bring to one the intensest joy and to another the deepest tragedy. The same rain which brings tears to the eyes of a maiden robbed of an expected outing may bring smiles to an agriculturist, who sees in it the promise of an abundant crop. The same snowstorm may bring joyous anticipation of sport to a youth and may bring death to an aged neighbor. The stakes depending on the changes of the weather are so vast, that those dependent on the turns of the wheel of chance at Monte Carlo seem as nothing in the balance. But a risk dependent on the weather is not a gamble. The gambler stakes his all from choice in pursuit of excitement or gain, while the man whose welfare depends on the turn of the weather is bound by thongs of necessity. As mankind must be fed, the farmer must sow his seed and watch the turn of the weather which brings him abundance or want. The manufacturer must send his goods from regions where power is procured easily to other regions more favorable for food production, and risk their loss by the destructive hurricane. The merchant must bring his products from places where they are most readily grown to those where they are most needed, and risk their loss by moisture, heat or cold. In the United States alone more than ten thousand million dollars are taken from the soil each year. Fortunately, nature never completely deprives the . . .

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