The Negro Wage Earner

The Negro Wage Earner

The Negro Wage Earner

The Negro Wage Earner

Excerpt

This work is the first actual product of the three-year survey of social and economic conditions of the Negroes of the United States recently made by the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. The purpose of the study is to show the various occupations in which Negroes have been employed and to determine whether or not they have increased or decreased their numbers in these various lines. Special effort has been made also to point out certain employments in which they were not originally occupied but have gone into during recent years. The study, therefore, might be entitled, the development of the Negro in the occupations.

The number of Negroes employed in various spheres could not be accurately determined before 1890 because not until then were the first occupational statistics in the United States compiled according to race. Prior to that time, could be found sufficient evidence to determine the trends upward or downward, but the data were rather incomplete for a definitive presentation of the status of Negro employees. Treating the situation after 1890, moreover, the authors have not found the task an easy one, for the reason that, although the data with respect to the two races have been compiled separately, there have been so many changes in the instructions to the census enumerators and in the classification of employees that it is difficult to harmonize these for proper comparison from one census to another. Taking all these things into consideration, however, the authors have approached this task in painstaking fashion.

Since the purpose of this study, moreover, is not only to show the trends in these lines but to determine the causes in each case, it has been necessary to examine all sorts of . . .

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