The Cultured Man

The Cultured Man

The Cultured Man

The Cultured Man

Excerpt

As an anthropologist I had perhaps better explain at once what kind of culture this book is about. When the anthropologist speaks of culture what he has in mind is the way of life of a people, its ideas, habits, skills, arts, instruments, and institutions. I am not directly concerned with that kind of culture in this volume, but rather with the kind of culture that is expressed in the refinement of thought, emotion, conduct, manners, taste, and attitudes of the person.

In the Western world we talk about the educated man and frequently identify him with the cultured man. But an educated man is not necessarily a cultured man. The distinction requires clarification, as does the reason for embarking upon such a distinction at all. It is the function of the first part of the book to make this clear. The marks that distinguish the cultured man are discussed and set out in the first part. In the second part of the book there is added a means by which the reader may evaluate himself with respect to his status as a cultured person in each of a total of fifty categories of knowledge and experience. This is achieved through fifteen hundred questions (with answers following), thirty in each of the fifty different categories, most of which questions test knowledge, while the remainder test attitudes.

The questions are so devised that anyone able to answer any question would almost certainly be able to answer a great many of the unasked questions relating to it. A simple scoring method is provided by means of which the reader may appraise his status as a cultured person in any one category.

The book thus enables the reader not only to take a survey of his own cultural status, but tells him where he needs to devote . . .

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