From Submission to Rebellion: The Provinces Versus the Center in Russia

From Submission to Rebellion: The Provinces Versus the Center in Russia

From Submission to Rebellion: The Provinces Versus the Center in Russia

From Submission to Rebellion: The Provinces Versus the Center in Russia


Written in the spirit of comparative and historical analysis, this book addresses the relationship between the center and its provinces- an important issue in any society- using Russia as a case study. The authors investigate the historical stages of Russia's past with a special focus on the postcommunist era, a time when the movement toward regional autonomy (regionalization) is extremely important as a molder of political and economic life. In addition, the book shows how historical traditions, on the one hand, and the new market economy and democratization, on the other, will shape the relationship between the center and provinces in the coming decades. Shlapentokh, Levita, and Loiberg direct their attention not only to factors which shape regionalization, but also to the effects of this process on many different facets of Russian life. They argue that regionalization in Russia, as well as in other countries, is a contradictory process that has both benefits and drawbacks for social and economic progress. The solid research foundation draws from a rich body of sources, including Russian periodicals, statistical yearbooks, work by Russian and Western authors, data gathered in nationwide surveys conducted specifically for this project, and insightful observations made by the authors during their numerous visits to various regions in Russia.


In 1991, as a result of complicated processes, Russia lost its empire and had to acquiesce in the transformation of its "national republics" into independent states. Millions of Russians bemoaned the end of their empire, but other concerns emerged almost immediately: Would Russia follow the fate of the Soviet Union and be transformed into either a loose confederation of several dozen regions or a much smaller entity? Was it possible that the current Russian Federation could return to the former size of Moskovia, the predecessor of the current Russian state that existed four to five centuries ago?

In order to make predictions about Russia's future, we have investigated the relationship between the center and provinces throughout Russian history, from the emergence of the Russian state to modern times. in this book, we approach this extremely difficult issue from a very broad perspective, looking at developments in Russia as a case study of the relations between the center and the periphery in general.

Indeed, the study of the relations between the center and periphery (referred to here as cp relations) is one of the most important characteristics of any complex system, whether it be social, biological, or mechanical in nature. in the social sciences, these relations are of crucial significance for social entities at the microas well as the macrolevel.

In speaking of the center, we mean, according to the traditional approach in modern social science, the central administration, including the office of the president and subordinated structures, the government, and Parliament. the term provinces embraces all those territories outside the capital of the country, and they have traditionally played a special role in the life of the country. in many countries, the provinces differ from each other in that their residents sometimes have a different ethnic identity than the majority of the people in the country.

There are three types of states that have different forms of cp relations: the unitarian state, the federation, and the confederation. in the first case, the center . . .

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