This book is offered as a partial solution of the problem which confronts every instructor in medieval history. Pressing library needs usually prevent him from securing an adequate supply of duplicate books for supplementary readings. In the rare cases in which the instructor succeeds in securing books, many works of great value still remain inaccessible to the average student because he cannot use the continental languages. This book has been prepared in the belief that it will enable the instructor to assign and to quiz all members of the class upon the same supplementary readings, and that it will at the same time permit the students to utilize, in a fuller measure, the results of European scholarship in the medieval field.
It is not a source-book. In making it we have, with two or three exceptions, drawn upon modern authors, making selections on topics which are not adequately treated in English. We have translated and adapted what we have chosen in order to make the selections more useful to students. Often the translations are very free; at times whole pages are omitted. We believe, however, that in no case have we made any change which is not in accord with the author's point of view. It is scarcely necessary to add, what is very apparent from . . .