Urbanizing China

Urbanizing China

Urbanizing China

Urbanizing China

Synopsis

Unlike earlier studies that viewed China as a peasant or rural society, this book focuses on the question of whether China can now be considered urbanized. The authors, who are from China, Hong Kong, the U.S. and Canada, consider the degree to which the town-country dichotomy has been obliterated in the China of the 1980s and 1990s. They collectively address China's past and continuing transformation, the multiple factors influencing the urbanization of Chinese society, and the strengths and weaknesses of China's transformation. The work is interdisciplinary, with contributors from the fields of sociology, geography, anthropology, and urban planning.

Excerpt

The path taken by China in its urbanization reflects developmental features that are quite distinct from those of other countries. On the one hand, these special characteristics of Chinese urban structure have been historically determined; on the other hand, these features have many linkages with the contemporary period of social and economic development. If we pause to consider current conditions, it is clear that China has neither the financial capability nor the other necessary assets to develop the urban sector quickly. the implementation of the Responsibility System in the rural areas has meant the release of much surplus labor power for which the urban areas can in no way provide adequate employment opportunities or living standards. Only migration to the rural towns offers a way out of this dilemma. This background helps explain the rapid development of industry in the small cities and rural towns of China in the past few years. This step-by-step and balanced transformation of the urban/rural system as well as the emergence of rural industrialization together mark major developmental changes for China. These changes likewise indicate a crucial difference between the urbanization of China and that of other countries.

Urbanizing China discusses the question of contemporary Chinese urbanization from a number of different angles. I believe that readers of this book will benefit greatly from its analyses. Even more importantly, I hope that this book's publication moves the study of China's urbanization another step forward on the road to understanding.

Fei Xiaotong
Beijing . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.