Women and New Reproductive Technologies: Medical, Psychosocial, Legal, and Ethical Dilemmas

Women and New Reproductive Technologies: Medical, Psychosocial, Legal, and Ethical Dilemmas

Women and New Reproductive Technologies: Medical, Psychosocial, Legal, and Ethical Dilemmas

Women and New Reproductive Technologies: Medical, Psychosocial, Legal, and Ethical Dilemmas

Synopsis

Although major breakthroughs in reproductive technology have created dramatic opportunities for many people, they are not without problems. More significant than the question of whether the technologies are "good" or "bad," however, is for whom they are good, in what instances, and to whom they should be made accessible. These issues can be debated at multiple levels; from the ethical implications, to the social and psychological consequences for society and for the individual, to the legal and medical outcomes. Each chapter highlights a different array of problems and benefits, while emphasizing four major themes: the impact of technology on women's lives; the role of women; the individual versus society; and the fetus as patient.

Excerpt

The theme of this book is reproduction and how it is viewed on the threshold of the 21st century. The perspectives of many disciplines are brought to bear on the staggering new opportunities, challenges, and problems that now face those who wish to have a child. The book is based on a conference sponsored by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Network on the Determinants and Consequences of Health- Promoting and Health-Damaging Behaviors, whose mission is to bring together investigators from multiple disciplines for collaborative discussions and research that promote our understanding of successful adaptation and good health, as well as of illness and disease.

At the conference we explored numerous domains where women's health and women's lives have been changed profoundly by the explosion of new technologies emerging in the last decades of the 20th century. In addition to reproduction, we reviewed new technologies and their impact in the areas of contraception, menopause, and breast cancer treatment. We want to thank all the participants at the conference whose ideas and comments enriched the meeting and are reflected especially in our two chapters of the present book. Those participating included: Nancy Adler, PhD; Nancy Cantor, PhD; Ellen Wright Clayton, MD; Aila Collins, PhD; Donald Coustan, MD; Alan De Cherney, MD; Lorraine Dennerstein, PhD; David Dodd; Nancy Dye, PhD; Ruth Faden, PhD; Marianne Frankenhaeuser, PhD; M. R. C. Greenwood, PhD; Florence Haseltine, MD, PhD; Britt-Marie Landgren, MD; Sandra Levy, PhD; Richard Love, MD; Virginia Olesen, PhD; Anne Peterson, PhD; Rayna Rapp, PhD; Anthony Reading, PhD . . .

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