American Influence in Greece, 1917-1929

American Influence in Greece, 1917-1929

American Influence in Greece, 1917-1929

American Influence in Greece, 1917-1929

Excerpt

The American "discovery" of modern Greece dates back to the eighteenth century when Thomas Jefferson expressed his desire to see the Greek people free from Turkish domination and the establishment of a Greek national state with "'the language of Homer becoming again a living language, as among possible events.'" Jefferson's concern was shared by many educated Americans whose familiarity with the history and literature of ancient Greece inspired strong philhellenic sentiments. During the Greek War of Independence (1821-30) thousands of American philhellenes gave their moral and material support to the Greek cause. Some even participated in the hostilities and distinguished themselves by their military service and dedication to the cause of freedom.

In 1833 the United States recognized the new Greek government and on 10/22 December 1837 a commercial treaty was signed which regulated the trade between the two countries for the next eighty-two years. By 1900 American consulates were established in several locations on the mainland and the Aegean islands, though the development of Greek- American diplomatic and commercial relations progressed slowly throughout the nineteenth century.

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