Martin's History of France: The Age of Louis XIV - Vol. 2

Martin's History of France: The Age of Louis XIV - Vol. 2

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Martin's History of France: The Age of Louis XIV - Vol. 2

Martin's History of France: The Age of Louis XIV - Vol. 2

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Excerpt

Preponderance in Europe. Revocation of the edict of Nantes. The Ministerial Heritage of Colbert is divided between Le Pelletier, Seignelai, and Louvois. Preponderance of Louvois. Louis XIV. fails in his Projects concerning the Empire. Invasion of Austria by the Turks. Siege of Vienna. The Poles save Austria. War between France and Spain. Taking of Luxemburg. Affairs of Treves and Liege. Truce of Twenty Years between France, the Emperor, the Empire, and Spain. Louis XIV. at the Summit of his Power. Bombardment of Genoa. The Doge at Versailles. New Expeditions against the Moors. Accession of James II. Projects of Catholic Restoration in England supported by Louis XIV. Louis XIV. having become a Widower, espouses Madame de Maintenon. Dragonnades. REVOCATION OF THE EDICT OF NANTES. Persecutions. Protestant Emigration. French Industry transplanted to Holland, England, and Brandenburg. Affair of the Palatine Succession. DEFENSIVE LEAGUE OF AUGSBURG between the Emperor, Spain, Sweden, Brandenburg, Saxony, Bavaria, the Palatinate, and the Circles of the Empire. Affair of Cologne. Pope Innocent XI. favors the League of Augsburg. Rupture between Louis XIV. and the Pope. Movements in England. Preparations of the Prince of Orange against James II. Louis XIV., instead of succoring James II. by a Diversion against Holland, takes the Offensive against the Emperor.

1683-1688.

The heritage of the great minister that France had just lost was divided among several hands. The son of Colbert, Seignelai, a young man1 full of fire and intelligence, and initiated, almost from infancy, into the affairs of state, but, very different from the illustrious deceased, moved by ambition and pleasure rather than by duty, "attempted to usurp all the employments of his father, and obtained none."2 Madame de Maintenon, sympathizing little with such brilliant and haughty natures, and, at this moment, united by interests and views with the Le Telliers, had probably some part in the repulse experienced by Seignelai. The King only left to the son of Colbert the functions of which he had obtained the reversion and divided the labors from 1672; that is, the admin- . . .

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