The City as a Human Environment

The City as a Human Environment

The City as a Human Environment

The City as a Human Environment

Synopsis

Responds to the need for up-to-date information about three major challenges posed by urbanization: buildings, transportation, and land use.

Excerpt

The following chapters respond to the need for up-to-date information about three of the major challenges that are posed by urbanization: buildings, transportation, and land use.

Planning the built environment involves integrating all aspects of human life so that an aesthetic, economic, and sustainable system is established. There are innumerable challenges that arise from this endeavor. The primary goal, however, is to provide adequate, safe, efficient, affordable housing for an ever-increasing population. Engineers, utilities, and scientists have joined forces to improve safe and energy-efficient appliances and building structures, and detect air quality problems that have resulted from the desire to construct or retrofit buildings to maximize energy efficiency. Financiers, planners, government, and local community groups have joined forces to increase the quantity, affordability, and aesthetics of housing so that all have equal access to decent shelter. In many cities public-private coalitions of business and civic leaders, the building industry, and local government have been forged to address the problem of financing and implementing cost-effective reconstruction programs at the local level. Probably the most effective projects are those now under way at the state level and those sponsored by private-sector groups. Also increasingly numerous efforts are being sponsored by the nonprofit sector.

There are many challenges for those who seek to improve urban transportation--reducing noise levels, finding usable, cleaner energy sources, improving the quality and/or quantity of public transit, meet-

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