Protection of Foreign Interests: A Study in Diplomatic and Consular Practice

Protection of Foreign Interests: A Study in Diplomatic and Consular Practice

Protection of Foreign Interests: A Study in Diplomatic and Consular Practice

Protection of Foreign Interests: A Study in Diplomatic and Consular Practice

Excerpt

It is a recognized fact that the basic aim of every power in maintaining a diplomatic and consular service is the protection of the interests of that particular power in foreign lands. In order that there may be no misunderstanding on this score, the diplomatic and consular regulations of most states lay emphasis on the fact that the principal duty of the diplomatic or consular officer is to protect or safeguard the interests of his state and its nationals abroad. Referring to the duties of an American Foreign Service officer, the Department of State has said that "he protects generally the interests of the United States in accordance with international law and protects, advises, and otherwise assists Americans resident or traveling abroad for business or other purposes". In the protection of nationals and their interests abroad the prevailing rule has been squarely based on what Secretary of State Hamilton Fish felicitously termed "the correlative rights of allegiance and protection".

In view of this accepted thesis it is significant that the Foreign Service Regulations of the United States also provide that "diplomatic and consular officers may, upon request, assume temporarily the protection of foreign interests". This

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