Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm: Chronology and Fact Book

Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm: Chronology and Fact Book

Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm: Chronology and Fact Book

Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm: Chronology and Fact Book

Synopsis

This is the most all-encompassing chronology and fact book yet to be published about Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. This detailed history consolidates official U.S. records and coalition sources from around the world and provides the most complete information available about day-to-day movements and events, units, missions, equipment, and key personnel. Appendices include a glossary, list coalition prisoners of war and service people killed in action, and provide data about coalition ground, naval, and air forces, Iraqi forces, and key personnel. Maps, charts, photographs, a bibliography, and a general index further enhance this comprehensive guide for researchers in military studies, international relations, and world history.

Excerpt

At 0200 2 August 1990, the Iraqi Hammurabi Armored and Tawakalna Mechanized Divisions supported by Iraqi Special Forces and the Median Armored Division invaded their neighbor to the southeast, the sovereign nation of Kuwait Commanded by Lt. Gen. Ayad Futayih Al-Rawi, the Hammurabi and Tawakalna quickly overran the Kuwaiti brigade positioned on Kuwait's border and drove toward the capital of Kuwait City. The Medina Armored Division screened the west from attack from any countering actions of the Gulf Cooperation Council's Peninsula Sdhield Brigade. Meanwhile the Iraqi Special Forces vertically enveloped Kuwait City by helicopter and Sea Commandos interdicted the southern coastal road. Six Iraqi helicopters, two fighter aircraft, and numbers of armored vehicles were claimed destroyed by the Kuwait Air Force before the Kuwaitis fled the Iraqi onslaught. At 05300 the battle for Kuwait City began. By 1400, the Iraqis had captured the capital.

This battle was due to a major miscalculation of the part of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, who hoped to seized the abundant oil wealth of his neighbor, pay foreign debts, obtain the country's long desired free access to the Gulf, and become the dominant power in the region. Not a strategist, he did not anticipate the world's reaction and resolve. On the day of the invasion, the United Nations passed Resolution 660 which demanded an immediate withdrawal from Kuwait. It was followed shortly by Resolution 660, calling for economic sanctions against Iraq on 6 August, and on 9 August Resolution 662, unanimously declaring the invasion illegal.

Responding to the Iraqi invasion, the United States began a five and a half month operation titled Desert Shield. Nine million tons of equipment and supplies and 527,000 troops were transported 6,000 miles to the Middle East. The United States united 540,000 ground troops from 31 diverse nations, including recent Cold War enemies. What followed was one of the most operationally successful wars in history. Operation Desert Strom, the United Nations Coalition's attack on Iraq, commenced on the morning of 17 January 1991 and ended with the Iraqi surrender at Safwan airfield 45 days later. Operation Desert Storm brilliantly achieved its mission ejecting the Iraqi army from Kuwait, in the process destroying most of the army's ability to make war. According to the Gulf War Air Survey, Iraqi troop strength plunged from 1,100,000 on February 1991 to 400,000 by 1 April. Divisions during this period declined from 66 to 30 and tanks suffered attrition from 7,000 to 2,300 by the war's end.

Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm: Chronology and Fact Book is a succinct . . .

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