Rifts in the Universe: A Study of the Historic Dichotomies and Modalities of Being

Rifts in the Universe: A Study of the Historic Dichotomies and Modalities of Being

Rifts in the Universe: A Study of the Historic Dichotomies and Modalities of Being

Rifts in the Universe: A Study of the Historic Dichotomies and Modalities of Being

Excerpt

From the beginning of time, man has tended to split his universe into two distinct parts, and thus to dichotomize it into a duoverse. Of the rifts resulting from this persistent inclination to divide in order the better to understand, by far the most abysmal is the chasm between mind or spirit and matter, which has played such a prominent part in philosophy since classic times. Other divisions in the field of reality are such as those between phenomena and noumena, existences and subsistences, facts and values, etc. Some of these dichotomies are open to criticism on the ground that they present as distinct species of reality what are essential aspects of all reality; others are defective in their omission of some third equally distinct but neglected species; and all are in one way or another misleading.

With regard to the mind-body distinction, for example, the question is decidedly apposite whether after all man may not be a trichotomy. That he is so has doubtless been maintained by many theologians, but with an interpretation open to serious criticism from the standpoint of general metaphysics; whereas the innumerable philosophers who have considered the so-called "mind-body problem" have proposed solutions which are in every instance based on the hypothesis of a two- fold distinction--whether of substances, attributes, aspects, or what not. In our sections II, 2, and II, 3d, a suggestion is offered which it is thought is new, and . . .

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