Domestic Constraints and the Breakdown of International Agreements


This book explores how elite commitments to cooperate with international organizations can be supplanted by domestic political constraints. It contends that the most popular explanation for defections from international commitments in the foreign policy analysis literature, the two-level game model presented by Robert Putnam, does not fully account for surprising defections from agreements. A new framework is presented which interprets international defections as the product of domestic constraints on foreign policy making that often materialize in the "post-commitment" ratification process, the period when domestic conditions and actors align relative to an international agreement.

Additional information

Publisher: Place of publication:
  • Westport, CT
Publication year:
  • 1997


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