Injury Prevention for Young Children: A Research Guide

Injury Prevention for Young Children: A Research Guide

Injury Prevention for Young Children: A Research Guide

Injury Prevention for Young Children: A Research Guide


Unintentional injuries, including car crashes, drowning, burns, poisoning, and suffocation, are a leading cause of death to young children. Child abuse, infectious diseases, and food poisoning also affect children under five. This bibliography provides information useful to those who care for young children, who are doing research on how to prevent injuries, or who supervise or train people who care for children either in child care or home settings. The volume is organized by types of injuries, and each section includes references providing information about prevalence, risk factors, specific hazards, and prevention techniques for the the injury area.


The purpose of this literature review is to provide information that could be used to develop an injury prevention training program curriculum for people who care for young children ages 0 to 4 in child care facilities as well as in the community.

Unintentional injury is one of the leading causes of death to young children. The most common types of injuries to children under the age of 5 are motor vehicle crashes, drowning, fires and burns, falls, poisoning, and suffocation. Other types of health and safety issues that affect young children are child abuse, infectious diseases, and food poisoning. Understanding each of these problems, their causes, and model prevention techniques can lead child care providers and policymakers to adopt practices that will reduce needless deaths and injuries.

The injury areas that are included in this book were identified as a result of a literature search and through discussions with experts in child care and injury prevention. The process of locating the most important and most current research was circular and involved literature searches, discussions of findings, more literature searches, and more discussions.

Many references were located from searches of the Expanded Academic Index, ERIC, Medline, and Articles1st. Carol Kennedy from the National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health and Susan G. Brink, President of HealthMark Associates, provided assistance in locating many of the materials used in this text. Bonnie Walker & Associates, Inc. used its own extensive reference library to locate information about burns and scalds. The National Fire Protection Association provided many items related to that topic from its research collection.

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