Public Policy in China

Public Policy in China

Public Policy in China

Public Policy in China


How does the Chinese government deal with its social problems and set up its systems of social security, health care, environmental and population control, and economic development? Chinese and Western experts analyze the nature of public policymaking in China, specific measures and alternatives, and various methodological approaches in this unique study about the little-known public policy process in China.


Public policy studies can be defined as the study of the nature, causes, and effects of alternative ways by which governments deal with social problems. The most interesting aspects of policy studies relate to evaluating the effects of alternatives, although knowing the nature and causes of the alternatives is important to understanding why some policies are adopted more readily than others.

Evaluating alternative public policies in a systematic way involves processing a set of societal goals to be achieved, policy alternatives available for achieving the goals, and relations between goals and alternatives in order to arrive at or explain the best alternative, combination, allocation, or predictive decision-rule. That concept of policy studies is geographically independent, since it applies across countries. It is also independent of subject matters, since it is applicable to economic, social, technological, political, or legal policy problems.


In some ways China has been well ahead of the rest of the world in the development of policy studies but behind in other ways. When much of the Western world was in the process of converting from warlike Teutonic tribes into nationstates, China had a well-developed and -studied governmental system. One could find insights into governmental decision making in the writings of Confucius and others before Aristotle, Machiavelli, and other Western governmental scholars began to write.

However, when the Western world was undergoing its revolutions, such as those in France and the Untied States, China was still associated with authoritarian dynastic government. When the Western world was undergoing industrial change . . .

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