The Pursuit of Race and Gender Equity in American Academe

The Pursuit of Race and Gender Equity in American Academe

The Pursuit of Race and Gender Equity in American Academe

The Pursuit of Race and Gender Equity in American Academe

Synopsis

This volume examines American attitudes toward affirmative action policies through an extensive study of a national sample of university faculty. The author offers new insights into the competing values in American society which the policy of affirmative action serves to bring into conflict and finds important differences in the perceptions of white males as opposed to those of protected categorical groups in regard to affirmative action. The analysis also includes an extended treatment of the impact of recent Supreme Court decisions on affirmative action.

Excerpt

The purpose of this chapter is threefold. The first purpose is to provide the reader with a general overview of the policy of affirmative action. The official statements and policy clarifications supplied by the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights are relied upon to explicate the rationale and official "purposes of state" underlying this public policy. The second purpose of the introduction is to provide the reader with a general conception of the historical progress (or lack thereof) made in increasing the numbers of women and minority faculty in American universities in recent decades. Several studies outlining this employment situation will be discussed briefly, so that the policy of affirmative action can be understood relative to its "success" or "failure" within academe. The third purpose of this introduction is to set forth the general outline of the study. A short description of each of the chapters to follow is given, permitting the reader to command a full picture of the purposes and methods of study employed throughout as she or he considers each chapter in moving through the entire work.

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION

While some would mark the 1948 Dixiecrat revolt as the beginning of civil rights for blacks as an active political issue in U.S. politics, most contemporary writing in this area reflects the view that the United States has been committed to an active public policy of pursuing the goal of greater racial equality in our society . . .

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