SPSS for Windows: An Introduction to Use and Interpretation in Research

SPSS for Windows: An Introduction to Use and Interpretation in Research

SPSS for Windows: An Introduction to Use and Interpretation in Research

SPSS for Windows: An Introduction to Use and Interpretation in Research

Synopsis

Designed to help students learn how to analyze and interpret research data, this book demonstrates how to produce a variety of statistics usually included in basic courses. The authors describe the use and interpretation of these statistics in a nontechnical and jargon-free language. This book's main goals are to help the reader choose the appropriate statistics, interpret the outputs, and develop skills in writing about the meaning of the results. To achieve these goals, the authors have combined material on: (a) how the appropriate choice of a statistic is based on the design of the research; (b) how to use SPSS to answer a number of research questions mainly about one realistic data set; and (c) how to interpret SPSS outputs. This helps the reader develop skills that cover the whole range of the design, data collection, data entry, analysis, and interpretation process. The book includes: * the key SPSS windows needed to perform the statistical analyses; * complete outputs with call-out boxes and interpretations to point out what to focus on; * interpretation questions to stimulate thinking; * many useful appendices; and * a FREE Data File CD-ROM is packaged with the book. This book uses SPSS 10.0 for Windows, however, there are only minor differences from versions 7, 8, and 9. Readers will have little difficulty applying the lessons to any of these versions. SPSS for Windows is intended as a supplemental text in a research methods or statistics course in behavioral science or education.

Excerpt

This book is designed to help students learn how to analyze and interpret research data. It is intended to be a supplemental text in an introductory (undergraduate or graduate) research methods or statistics course in the behavioral sciences or education. We have found that the book makes SPSS so easy to use that it is not necessary to have a formal lab, except perhaps for the first couple of assignments (Lab A and B in chapters 1 and 5). Access to SPSS and some familiarity with Windows is all that is required.

We use SPSS 10 for Windows in this book; however, there are only minor differences from versions 7, 8, and 9. In fact our students have used this book or earlier drafts with all of these versions of SPSS. Both the procedures and outputs are quite similar, and we expect future Windows versions to be very similar, so you should have little difficulty if you have access to versions 7 through 9 or, we anticipate, versions 11 and 12. We will point out some of the changes at various points in the text.

SPSS for Windows is quite easy to use, especially in contrast to earlier mainframe and DOS versions, but SPSS provides such a wide variety of options and statistics that the printouts can be difficult to interpret. This book demonstrates how to produce a variety of statistics that are usually included in basic statistics courses. Our goal has been to describe the use and interpretation of these statistics as much as possible in nontechnical, jargon-free language. Also, at the end of this book we have provided a bibliography of some of the books we have found useful. You will find it helpful to read about each statistic before doing the lab assignments in this book.

Helping you learn how to choose the appropriate statistics, interpret the outputs, and develop skills in writing about the meaning of the results are the main goals of this book. Thus, we have combined material on a) how the appropriate choice of a statistic is based on the design of the research, b) how to use SPSS to answer a number of research questions mainly about one realistic data set, and c) how to interpret SPSS outputs. This will help you develop skills that cover the whole range of the design, data collection, data entry, analysis, and interpretation process. The high school and beyond data set (HSB) used in this book is similar to what you might have for a thesis, dissertation, or research project. Therefore, we think it can serve as a model for your analysis. The compact disk packaged with the book contains the HSB data file.

There are several unusual features of this book that we and our students think make it especially user friendly. First, we have included the key SPSS windows that you see when performing the statistical analyses. This has been helpful to "visual learners." Second, we have included the complete outputs for the analyses that we have done so you can see what you will get, after some editing in SPSS to make the outputs fit better on the pages. In chapter 1 we tell you how to do this. Third, we have included call-out boxes on the outputs that point out parts of the output on which to focus and indicate what they mean. Fourth, for each output, we have provided an interpretation section that should help you understand the output. Fifth, we have provided interpretation questions that stimulate you to think about the chapters and outputs and their . . .

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