A History of Danish Architecture

A History of Danish Architecture

A History of Danish Architecture

A History of Danish Architecture

Excerpt

Danish Landscape 5

Prehistoric Times 7

Palaeolithic and Neolithic Times 7

The Bronze Age, 1500 B.C.-500 B.C. 10

The Iron Age, ca. 500 B.C.-800 A.D. 11

The Viking Age, 800-1050 A.D. 14

The Middle Ages 16

Romanesque Stone Churches 16

Brick Churches in the Romanesque and the Gothic Period 23

Mediaeval Monasteries 34

Mediaeval Castles 38

Mediaeval Rural Architecture 41

Mediaeval Towns 43

The Renaissance, 1536-1660 46

Early Renaissance Manors 46

Castles and Palaces 1536-1588 50

The Reign of Christian IV, 1588-1648 51

Manors of the Late Renaissance 57

Renaissance Town Houses 58

Copenhagen up to the Absolute Monarchy 60

Baroque of the Absolute Monarchy 1660-1730 64

Dutch Influence 64

Italian Impulses 68

Late Baroque and Rococo, 1730-1754 72

The Reign of Christian VI. David Häusser and Laurids de Thurah 72

Frederik V's Reign. Niels Eigtved 78

Classicism, 1754-1800 86

French Influence. N. H. Jardin 87

C. F. Harsdorff and the Architecture of' Copenhagen 89

Country Houses and Gardens 94

Types of Danish Farm-houses about 1800 98

The Culmination and Decline of Classicism, 1800 1856 108

C. F. Hansen 108

Private Building Activity, 1800-1830 111

Late Classicism 112

Copenhagen 1830-1856 116

Gottlieb Bindesbøl l 116

Free Historicism, 1856-1850 120

J. D. Herholdt and his Contemporaries 121

Copenhagen Bursts the Ramparts 124

European and Local Currents, 1870-1900 127

Academic Eclecticism. Ferdinand Meldahl 129

The Herholdt Heritage 132

Martin Nyrop and the Town Hall of Copenhagen 134

Individualism and Danish Tradition, 1900-1915 138

Individualism 139

L'Art Nouveau Influences 142

Revival of Danish Tradition 145

Neo-Classicism, 1915-1930 150

Neo-Classistic House-Building 156

The Functional Line 161

International Functionalism, 1930-1950 165

The Functionalist Tradition, 1930-1950 185

Public Architecture 186

Housing 192

Restricted Building Activities, 1940-1950 199

Developments 1950-1963 203

Index 219

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