Germany's Underground

Germany's Underground

Germany's Underground

Germany's Underground

Excerpt

The 20th of July, 1944, is a significant date in German history. On that day a group of Germans made a last, desperate attempt to assassinate Hitler and to set up a government which, purged of all Nazis, would surrender unconditionally--if no better treatment could be obtained. The fate of hundreds of thousands of soldiers and civilians, Allied and German, depended on the bomb which the conspirators smuggled into Hitler's headquarters as the first step in their elaborate plan to destroy the Nazi regime. To this plan the conspirators had given the code name Walküre.

For some twenty months before this attempt on Hitler's life I had been in Switzerland in charge of the work there of the Office of Strategic Services, organized and directed by the dynamic and resourceful General William J. Donovan. My first and most important task was to find out what was going on in Germany. Among other things, Washington wanted to know who in Germany were really opposed to the Hitler regime and whether they were actively at work to overthrow it. As far as the outside world could see, it often seemed as though Hitler had succeeded in winning over, hypnotizing or terrorizing the entire German nation.

From Switzerland I was able to establish contact with the . . .

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