Philosophical Ethics introduces students to ethics from a distinctively philosophical perspective, one that weaves together central ethical questions such as "What has value?" & "What are our moral obligations?" with fundamental philosophical issues such as "What is value?" & "What can a moral obligation consist in?" Throughout, the reader is invited to do-rather than just read about-philosophical ethics &, in doing so, to think through questions that face all thoughtful human beings. Themes include the nature of value & moral obligation, freedom & choice, human flourishing, excellence & merit, radical critiques of morality, & the importance of relationships for human life. Contents: INTRODUCTION. What Is Philosophical Ethics? METAETHICS. Metaethics: The Basic Question. Naturalism. Theological Voluntarism. Rational Noncognitivism. Interlude. PHILOSOPHICAL MORALISTS. Hobbes I. Hobbes II. Mill I. Mill II. Kant I. Kant II. PHILOSOPHICAL ETHICS WITHOUT MORALITY? Nietzsche. Aristotle I. Aristotle II. Ethics of Care.