Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Synopsis

More than 200,00 copies of earlier editions have been sold; this reissue includes a new introduction by the author to mark the twenty-first birthday of this remarkable book.

Excerpt

In his dreams, every author envisions a wonderful career for the book on which he is working. Still, while writing Frames of Mind, I did not anticipate that the book would find a receptive audience in so many circles across so many lands. And I certainly did not expect to have the privilege of introducing a tenth-anniversary edition of the book.

While working on Frames of Mind, I viewed it principally as a contribution to my own discipline of developmental psychology and, more broadly, to the behavioral and cognitive sciences. I wanted to broaden conceptions of intelligence to include not only the results of paper-and- pencil tests but also knowledge of the human brain and sensitivity to the diversity of human cultures. Although I discussed the educational implications of the theory in the closing chapters, my eyes were not beamed toward the classroom. In fact, however, the book has exerted considerable influence in educational quarters: my colleagues and I at Harvard Project Zero have undertaken several educational experiments inspired by "MI theory," and there have been numerous other attempts to apply the theory to particular educational environments. In the companion volume to this book--Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice (Gardner 1993)--I review the principal ways in which the theory has entered into contemporary educational discourse.

Here, in this new introduction to Frames of Mind (which incorporates portions of the introduction to its first paperback edition in 1985), I have five aims: to summarize the principal themes of Frames of Mind; to situate MI theory within the history of studies of intelligence; to relate Frames of Mind to my more recent work; to respond to some of the prin-

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