Prerequisites to Peace in the Far East

Prerequisites to Peace in the Far East

Prerequisites to Peace in the Far East

Prerequisites to Peace in the Far East

Excerpt

This study forms part of the documentation of an Inquiry organized by the Institute of Pacific Relations into the problems arising from the conflict in the Far East.

It has been prepared by Mr. Nathaniel Peffer, Associate Professor of International Relations, Columbia University; author of China: The Collapse of a Civilization (1930), and Must We Fight in Asia? (1935).

The study has been submitted in draft to a number of authorities, many of whom made suggestions and criticisms. In accordance with the standard policy of the Institute, however, the author was left free to accept or to reject these suggestions and criticisms. The authorities to whom this was submitted do not, of course, accept responsibility for the study. By its very nature, a study of this type must be a matter of personal interpretation and for this reason it is desirable to stress the point normally mentioned in the Foreword to this series that the statements of fact or of opinion appearing herein do not represent the view of the Institute of Pacific Relations or of the Pacific Council or of any of the National Councils. Such statements are made on the sole responsibility of the author. As was to be expected, such a study of a controversial issue has revealed a wide variety of opinion from readers and no doubt will continue to do so. Such comments will be welcomed by the Secretariat in the hope that in subsequent Inquiry studies bearing on the general problem of a Far Eastern settlement, these and other points of view can be treated. Obviously, as the author himself recognizes, there are alternative and additional approaches and interpretations which have not been included in this study.

During 1938 the Inquiry was carried on under the general direction of Dr. J. W. Dafoe as Chairman of the Pacific Council and in 1939 under his successor, Dr. Philip C. Jessup. Every member of the International Secretariat has contributed to the research and editorial work in connection with the Inquiry, but special mention should be made of Mr. W. L. Holland, Miss Kate Mitchell and Miss Hilda Austern, who have carried the major share of this responsibility. The Japanese Council has not found it possible to participate in the Inquiry, and assumes, therefore, no responsibility either for its results or for its organization.

In the general conduct of this Inquiry into the problems arising from the conflict in the Far East the Institute has benefited by the counsel of the following Advisers:

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