Low-Aptitude Men in the Military: Who Profits, Who Pays?

Low-Aptitude Men in the Military: Who Profits, Who Pays?

Low-Aptitude Men in the Military: Who Profits, Who Pays?

Low-Aptitude Men in the Military: Who Profits, Who Pays?

Synopsis

This book examines in detail two recent periods in military manpower history that have had a profound effect on military recruitment and selection policy. Laurence and Ramsberger describe the history behind Project 100,000 and the ASVAB Misnorming as well as their outcomes--they brought hundreds of thousands of low-aptitude men into the military. While military officials recall these times with anything but affection, some social activists praise these periods as exemplary military social welfare ventures that could be resurrected today.

Excerpt

Mention the military and many will think of Stealth Bombers, Cruise Missiles, M-1 Tanks, Sea Wolf Submarines, Apache Helicopters, and M-16 rifles. But behind the technology are people. Hundreds of thousands of fine young men and women are recruited into the Services each year to operate and maintain the equipment and to be prepared to defend the nation and its vital interests. The Directorate for Accession Policy, within the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Force Management and Personnel), is responsible for setting and monitoring enlistment standards, policies, and practices. Just as technology has shaped and altered the nature of warfare, military manpower events have left an indelible imprint upon recruitment and selection policy. All too often, however, the lessons, not to mention the details of historical events, are forgotton. History repeats itself, sometimes unnecessarily.

This book recounts two important periods for military manpower -- Project 100,000 and the ASVAB Misnorming -- when low-aptitude personnel were admitted into the military in substantial numbers. These are times the Services might like to forget, because troop quality suffered. For others, these periods represent important large-scale social welfare efforts of the modern military. This book analyzes what happened before, during, and, for the first time, after Project 100,000 and the Misnorming. It describes what became of the low-aptitude military veterans a decade or two later. The implications and reactions to these periods are necessarily drawn by blending fact and innuendo.

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