Independent Iraq, 1932-1958: A Study in Iraqi Politics

Independent Iraq, 1932-1958: A Study in Iraqi Politics

Independent Iraq, 1932-1958: A Study in Iraqi Politics

Independent Iraq, 1932-1958: A Study in Iraqi Politics

Excerpt

Several far-reaching events and developments have taken place in Iraq since the appearance of the first edition of this book in 1951. Not only have schemes for economic reconstruction been drawn up, but also political upheavals, such as those of 1952 and 1958, have greatly influenced the course of the political development of the country. Moreover a considerable volume of new material has become available, whether in the Documents on German Foreign Policy or in the published memoirs of Arab statesmen, which has thrown fresh light on certain aspects of Iraqi politics.

I have tried, however, to verify material derived from published sources by oral interviews with leading statesmen who readily have given me their assistance. I should like to mention in particular Rashid 'Ali al-Gaylani, al-Haj Amin al-Husayni, 'Ali Mahmud, Jamal al-Husayni, and several others whom I had not had the benefit of consulting earlier owing to their exile or internment while the first edition was being prepared. I have again had the pleasure of obtaining additional material from leading Iraqi public men during my visits to Iraq in 1955 and 1958. Among others I should like to mention in particular the late Amir 'Abd al-Ilah, former Regent and Crown Prince, the late General Nuri as-Sa'id, the late Salih Jabr, General Taha al Hashimi, General Nur ad-Din Mahmud, Naji Shawkat, Mustafa and Arshad al-'Umari, Sa'id Qazzaz, Baba 'Ali, Muhammad Hadid, Husayn Jamil, and Mustafa 'Ali. Above all I am most grateful to Kamil Chadirchi, Siddiq Shanshal, and Khalil Kanna, who gave me a detailed account of recent developments in Iraq. During visits to London and Bonn I have benefited from the expert advice of such persons as Sir Reader Bullard, Sir John Troutbeck, Mr. C. J. Edmonds, Dr. Fritz Grobba, Harold Beeley, and Commodore Buss. To these, as well as to other unrecorded names, I wish to acknowledge the invaluable assistance given to me during the preparation of this edition.

I wish to repeat my statement in the preface of the first edition that I have been under no illusion that the public men whom I had the privilege of interviewing have not often given me post hoc, ergo hoc explanations of events. I have, therefore, examined their statements critically and verified each from other sources.

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