Limited by Design: R&D Laboratories in the U.S. National Innovation System

Limited by Design: R&D Laboratories in the U.S. National Innovation System

Limited by Design: R&D Laboratories in the U.S. National Innovation System

Limited by Design: R&D Laboratories in the U.S. National Innovation System

Excerpt

Research and development (R&D) laboratories are among the most complex, dynamic institutions yet invented. Public policies affecting R&D laboratories typically treat them as simple, homogeneous, and stable. In this book, we seek to identify some of the dimensions of U.S. R&D laboratories' complexity and to develop science and technology policy prescriptions attuned to the complexity of the national innovation system. Our book takes an "institutional design" perspective in analyzing R&D laboratories, a perspective grounded in systems-level organizational studies and characterized by a prescriptive orientation. While the book benefits from a great deal of data analysis, our approach is to step back from the data accumulated over many years and to speculate about implications for the design of the U.S. national innovation system.

Our ideas about R&D laboratories have been shaped by our experiences in the National Comparative Research and Development Project (NCRDP), one of the most comprehensive efforts to develop empirically based profiles of national innovation systems. Begun in 1984, the National Comparative Research and Development Project is an ongoing study of the technical enterprise in the United States and other industrial nations. More than thirty researchers from seven universities in four countries have been directly involved in the NCRDP, developing data, writing research reports, and helping to design new aspects of the project.

During the past fourteen years of working on the NCRDP, we have interviewed or received questionnaires from thousands of scientists, science administrators, and science policy makers, chiefly from the U.S. and Japan but also from Canada, Russia, Korea, Germany, Taiwan, and England. We have visited research and development (R&D) laboratories of every sector and stripe, industry, government, and university. Some of the more interesting labs we've visited were "hybrids" where public and private ownership and . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.