Tractatus Syncategorematum and Selected Anonymous Treatises

Tractatus Syncategorematum and Selected Anonymous Treatises

Tractatus Syncategorematum and Selected Anonymous Treatises

Tractatus Syncategorematum and Selected Anonymous Treatises

Excerpt

At the very outset the point must be re-emphasized that the history of logic, just like the history of philosophy, is dependent upon faithful translations and critical editions. It is and must remain a matter of concern that a satisfactory history of logic is still to be written. The last century of scholarship in logic has produced historical outlines and anthologies which are far from presenting a fair conspectus of any school or period of logic. In 1838, Adolphe Franck published his Esquisse d'une histoire de la logique précédée d'une analyse étendue de l'Organum d'Aristote. This sketch pays more attention to the analytic survey of the Organon than to its historical influence through the Middle Ages. As a matter of fact, Peter of Spain is not even mentioned in the work. Franck's emphasis on Lullian logic is acknowledgedly derived from the Histoire de la logique of Pierre Gassendi (1592- 1655). As for Robert Blakey Historical Sketch of Logic, from the Earliest Times to the Present, one notices again that the influence of Peter of Spain and his Summulae Logicales is not singled out, while the task-characteristic of our century-of recognizing a strict formal logic is dismissed in quite a cavalier way:

the logical philosophy of the scholastic ages is closely identified with mental science itself; so much so, indeed, that it becomes a difficult task to keep always in view the radical distinction between that science, and the purely dialectic forms or systems which are ever obtruded on our notice in the abstract speculations of the Middle Ages.

Dissatisfaction with Prantl Geschichte der Logik im Abendland has been voiced clearly. The shortcomings of this history can be classified under two main headings: (a) ignorance of or lack of appreciation of unedited logic manuscripts, and (b) a reduction of logic to or a confusion of logic with the problem of universals. The research of . . .

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